In modern competitive swimming was introduced in Britain in the late eighteenth century. The first such organization was the National Swimming Society, founded in London in 1837. In 1869 he created the Metropolitan Swimming Clubs Association, which later became the Amateur Swimming Association (ASA).
The first national champion was Tom Morris, who won a mile race on the Thames in 1869. Towards the end of the century competitive swimming was being established in Australia and New Zealand and several European countries had already established federations. In the United States amateur clubs began to hold competitions in the 1870's.